June 18-th - Data Science & Astrophysics
Giuseppe Longo - Department of Physics- Università Federico II
The new generation of astronomical instruments and detectors has pushed astronomy into the big data era.
In the coming years instruments such as the EUCLID satellite, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, and the
Square Kilometer Arrays will produce data streams of unprecedented size, well beyond what has been experienced
in any other field of activity (not only in science).
This avalanche of data cannot be dealt with traditional software and calls for a widespread adoption of Machine
Learning based methods. The seminar will explain why this new approach not only improves upon previous results
but also paves the way to the discovery of new phenomena and of processes of unprecedented complexity.
In doing so, I will shortly summarise also the results obtained by several international collaborations
(to which the Napoli Group belongs) in several problems: from photometric redshifts to outliers detection,
to early time classification of Supernovae.